Simile - contrasting to seemingly unalike things to enhance the meaning of a situation or theme using like or as What happens to a dream deferred, does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hyperbole - exaggeration I have a million things to do today. Personification - giving non-human objects human characteristics America has thrown her hat into the ring, and will be joining forces with the British. Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech How do I love thee? The iamb stumbles through my books; trochees rush and tumble; while anapest runs like a hurrying brook; dactyls are stately and classical.
Verbal irony[ edit ] This is the simplest form of irony, in which the speaker says the opposite of what he or she intends.
There are several forms, including euphemismunderstatementsarcasmand some forms of humor. For example, in Steinbeck's novel The Pearl, one would think that Kino and Juana would have become happy and successful after discovering the "Pearl of the World", with all its value.
However, their lives changed dramatically for the worse after discovering it. Similarly, in Shakespeare's Hamlet, the title character almost kills King Claudius at one point, but resists because Claudius is praying and therefore may go to heaven.
As Hamlet wants Claudius to go to hell, he waits. A few moments later, after Hamlet leaves the stage, Claudius reveals that he doesn't really mean his prayers "words without thoughts never to heaven go"so Hamlet should have killed him after all.
The way to remember the name is that it's for an ironic situation. Dramatic irony[ edit ] Dramatic Irony is when the reader knows something important about the story that one or more characters in the story do not know.
For example, in William Shakespeare 's Romeo and Julietthe drama of Act V comes from the fact that the audience knows Juliet is alive, but Romeo thinks she's dead. If the audience had thought, like Romeo, that she was dead, the scene would not have had anywhere near the same power.
Likewise, in Edgar Allan Poe 's "The Tell-Tale Heart", the energy at the end of the story comes from the fact that we know the narrator killed the old man, while the guests are oblivious.
If we were as oblivious as the guests, there would be virtually no point to the story. The way to remember the name is that dramatic irony adds to the drama of the story.
See Irony for a more detailed discussion, and definitions of other forms of irony. Diction[ edit ] Diction is the choice of specific words to communicate not only meaning, but emotion as well.
Authors writing their texts consider not only a word's denotation, but also its connotation. For example, a person may be described as stubborn or tenacious, both of which have the same basic meaning, but are opposite in terms of their emotional background the first is an insult, while the second is a compliment.
Similarly, a bargain-seeker may be described as either thrifty compliment or stingy insult. An author's diction is extremely important in discovering the narrator's tone, or attitude. Syntax Sentences can be long or short, written in the active voice or passive voicecomposed as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex.
They may also include such techniques as inversion or such structures as appositive phrases, verbal phrases gerund, participle, and infinitiveand subordinate clauses noun, adjective, and adverb.
These tools can be highly effective in achieving an author's purpose. The ghetto was ruled by neither German nor Jew; it was ruled by delusion. The first clause establishes suspense about who actually rules the ghetto, and then the first few words of the second clause set up the reader with the expectation of an answer, which is metaphorically revealed only in the final word of the sentence.
Voice[ edit ] In grammarthere are two voices: These terms can be applied to whole sentences or to verbs. Verbs also have tense, aspect and mode. There are three tenses: There are two main aspects:Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía, meaning 'dissimulation, feigned ignorance'), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case..
Irony can be categorized into different types, including: verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony. Students are asked to write literary analysis essays because this type of assignment encourages you to think about how and why a poem, short story, novel, or play was written.
To successfully analyze literature, you’ll need to remember that authors make specific choices for particular reasons. Literary terms refer to the technique, style, and formatting used by writers and speakers to masterfully emphasize, embellish, or strengthen their ph-vs.comry terms can refer to playful techniques employed by comedians to make us laugh or witty tricks wordsmiths use to coin new words or phrases.
In an essay, explain how “Like the Sun” makes use of the literary technique of irony of sit- uation.
Explain some of the events that violate the expectations of characters in the story. In irony of situation an event occurs that violates the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience.
Look for examples of situation irony as you read the story. Theme. A theme is a central idea in a literary work. With gentle humor, in “Like the Sun” Narayan explores themes about .
The theme of the passage "Like The Sun" by R. K. Narayan is: At the end of the day, the truth is the best option. Sekhar told the truth even though the consequences may affect him in the future just like the allusion made about king Harischandra.