Puebloan culture[ edit ] Ancestral Puebloan culture: They lived in a range of structures that included small family pit houses, larger clan type structures, grand pueblosand cliff sited dwellings. The Ancestral Puebloans possessed a complex network that stretched across the Colorado Plateau linking hundreds of communities and population centers. The culture is perhaps best known for the stone and earth dwellings built along cliff walls, particularly during the Pueblo II and Pueblo III eras.
Every tribe has unique traditions and distinct styles of housing, dress, and food. Federally recognized tribes vary in population and land base, but all are considered sovereign nations and hold a specific nation-to-nation relationship with the United States.
Prior to European arrival in North America, tribes had effectively governed themselves for hundreds of years and had developed thriving systems of nurturing and teaching their youth and governing their communities.
However, European conquest shattered many Native communities through forced relocation, warfare, broken treaties and foreign-brought diseases.
Most Native communities were completely wiped out. Government caused Native peoples to lose their homelands. Broken treaties and forced relocations displaced American Indians from the land of their ancestors, where they had been living for generations, to reservations.
These reservation lands offered a fraction of the size and natural resources of what was taken. In the Boarding School Era from the late s to the mids, the U.
These children were taken to hundreds of miles away from their families for years and faced severe discipline if they tried to speak their languages or practice their traditions. Many children died from malnutrition or disease.
Those who survived returned years later to find themselves completely disconnected from their family and traditional ways. The trauma and persecution endured by elder Native generations led to a breakdown of the Native family and tribal structure and a weakening of spiritual ties.
Many Natives who attended boarding schools lost their sense of self through enforced shaming of their cultural identity. As a result, their children were raised with little awareness of their Native heritage and became disconnected from their tribal ways of knowing.
Today, many tribes in the United States are reviving their traditions and cultures. Central to this cultural renaissance is the importance of language and ceremony. A number of tribes have created language learning programs to preserve and pass on their tribal dialects to future generations.
Ceremonies returned into practice, local radio stations began broadcasting in Native languages, pow-wows became an inter-tribal gathering space, and a new native generation is taught to live with dignity, character and pride.
All tribes have a rich culture, whether founded in language or ceremony, which strengthen America as a nation today. Led by a majority American Indian volunteer Board of Directors, Running Strong supports and respects all Native peoples, cultures, and traditions equally.MuseumLink Illinois Native Americans - Historic Web module Additional Readings (sorted by section) AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBES OF ILLINOIS.
Bauxar, J. Joseph. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. ABORIGINAL & TREATY RIGHTS.
Introduction Aboriginal-Crown Relations. The Devolution of Indian Affairs The Calder Case and Land Claims Constitutional Reform. “Without your language or your land, you are not who you say you are.” Loretta Afraid of Bear, Oglala Lakota.
There are federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native tribes and villages in the United States, each with their own culture, language and history. The Iroquois Confederacy, an association of six linguistically related tribes in the northeastern woodlands, was a sophisticated society of some 5, people when the first white explorers encountered it at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
“Without your language or your land, you are not who you say you are.” Loretta Afraid of Bear, Oglala Lakota. There are federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native tribes and villages in the United States, each with their own culture, language and history.