He was said to be mediocre in high school, but won prises for his drawings and music. He worked for a lawyer and studied law for a while, but ended up serving in the army for four years from
See Article History Alternative Title: He is known for his richly coloured and meticulously detailed pictures of lush jungles, wild beasts, and exotic figures. After exhibiting with the Fauves inhe gained the admiration of avant-garde artists. Early life Rousseau, the son of a tinsmith, came from a modest background.
He was a mediocre student, and he left the secondary school in Laval without having completed his studies. He soon entered military service, in which he remained for four years. During his term of service he met soldiers who had survived the French expedition to Mexico —65 in support of Emperor Maximilianand he listened with fascination to their recollections.
Their descriptions of the subtropical country were doubtless the first inspiration for the exotic landscapes that later became one of his major themes. In fact, he never left France. Civil service career and early paintings Released from military service upon the death of his father to support his widowed motherRousseau settled in in Paris.
Working as a bureaucrat and busy with family affairs, he still somehow found time to draw and paint. Although no works remain as evidence, he had probably drawn and painted since childhood, and his stated ambition was to be a painter in the style of the academicians of his day.
In he obtained permission to copy paintings at the Louvre.
His wife, who had been ill for some time, died inand within several years he lost all of his family except for a daughter, whom he sent to live with relatives. This period of personal hardship was also a period of increased artistic activity for Rousseau. An important event in his life at this time was the Universal Exposition held in Paris in ; it is probable that the reconstructions of Senegalese, Tonkinese, and Tahitian landscapes at the exposition provided further inspiration for the exoticism of his later paintings.
Also revealed, however, was his intense desire to express himself artistically; he even attempted to compose music. Still, his only great gift was for painting. Standing in the foreground, palette in hand, Rousseau is surrounded by the Parisian landscape, which is painted with great accuracy.
Later paintings and recognition In Rousseau retired from the toll house to devote himself entirely to painting. Soon afterward he met Alfred Jarrya brilliant young writer, also from Laval, whose nonconformity shocked his contemporaries.
It was this review that first published an article praising Rousseau. This work marked the beginning of the recognition of Rousseau as a serious painter. Monument to ChopinThe Luxembourg Gardens.
The painting, however, is wonderfully expressive. When he exhibited this painting, Rousseau wrote to the mayor of his native Laval, asking him to purchase it because it was intended to be a tribute to that town. The mayor, however, was merely amused at the idea.
As this anecdote reveals, by this time Rousseau had enormous confidence in his own work and considered himself to be a great painter. Not only was he unaware of his lack of conventional technical skill, but he believed that his work resembled that of the academic painters.
At last the critics began to speak of Rousseau in a positive light.Henri Julien Felix Rousseau (May 21, - September 2, ) Henri Julien Felix Rousseau (May 21, - September 2, ) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner.
He is also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer) after his place of employment.
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (French: [ɑ̃ʁi ʒyljɛ̃ feliks ʁuso]; May 21, – September 2, ) was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation as a toll and tax ph-vs.com place: Laval, Mayenne, France.
Jan 22, · The late-blooming career of Henri Rousseau (), a self-taught French artist and savvy connoisseur of popular culture in the late 19th century, was showcased in the first major American retrospective of the artist’s work in 20 years.
Regarded as one of Henri Rousseau’s most significant works, The Snake Charmer demonstrates why this self-taught artist was so highly admired during his lifetime by the pioneers of 20th- century painting, including Pablo Picasso, Robert Delaunay, and Vasily Kandinsky.
Click here to read the complete biography of Henri Julien Rousseau. Early life, the complete works, important dates. ph-vs.com, works by Henri Rousseau Henri Rousseau: Jungles in Paris, at the National Gallery of Art Rousseau text written for young readers Brief introduction to the artist's life and ph-vs.com for: Painting.