Development of the polio vaccine

For extensive background on the development of polio vaccines, visit our polio vaccine timeline. Few diseases frightened parents more in the early part of the 20th century than did polio.

Development of the polio vaccine

Subcommittee on Human Rights and Wellness U. House Government Reform Committee U. House of Representatives, Washington, D. I have spent the last 21 years working with other parents to prevent vaccine injuries and deaths through public education and defending the right to exercise informed consent to vaccination.

A Shot in the Dark. The shocking story you are about to hear involves a pharmaceutical company which used monkeys to make polio vaccine, government health agencies responsible for making sure the vaccine was not contaminated with monkey viruses, and individuals who are now are dying from cancerous tumors that contain a monkey virus which appears to have contaminated that polio vaccine.

At the heart of this tragic story is a violation of the public trust and the informed consent ethic.

Polio vaccine - Wikipedia

It is a story about what happens when the legal and moral duty for industry and government to insure that a vaccine will not harm individuals is sacrificed to insure acceptance and mass use of a vaccine by the Development of the polio vaccine population.

It shows what can happen when Congress, which has oversight authority over federal health agencies, blindly trusts and fails to verify. I began speaking and writing about monkey virus contamination of polio vaccines ten years ago when questions were raised in the medical literature about whether the use of monkeys infected with monkey viruses to produce oral polio vaccines was responsible for HIV and the AIDS epidemic.

Simian retroviruses, polio vaccine, and origin of AIDS. It was in that an NIH scientist named Bernice Eddy discovered that rhesus monkey kidney cells used to make the Salk polio vaccine and experimental oral polio vaccines could cause cancer when injected into lab animals.

Later that year the cancer-causing virus in the rhesus monkey kidney cells was identified as SV40 or simian virus 40, Development of the polio vaccine 40th monkey virus to be discovered.

The SV40 contaminated stocks of Salk polio vaccine were never withdrawn from the market but continued to be given to American children until early with full knowledge of federal health agencies. Between and earlynearly million American children had been given polio vaccine contaminated with the monkey virus, SV Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.

National Academy Press Today, U. Salk polio vaccine released for public use between and was contaminated with SV40; and2. SV40 has been proven to cause cancer in animals. In fact, at a conference on SV and human cancers held by the National Institutes of Health inwhich I attended, there was no disagreement among both government and non-government scientists about these two facts.

The sordid history of Poliomyelitis vaccination

The only disagreement was whether SV40 was actually being identified in the cancerous tumors of children and adults alive today and, if it was, whether the monkey virus was in fact responsible for their cancer. A Possible Human Polyomavirus. The majority of these independent scientists have concluded that, yes, SV40 does cause human cancers.

Development of the polio vaccine

SV40 and human tumours: Because the oral polio vaccine manufacturer and federal health agencies have told everyone that while the Salk vaccine was made using the SV40 infected rhesus monkey kidney tissues, after the oral polio vaccine was made using African Green monkeys, which are rarely infected with SV The vaccine manufacturer and government officials have insisted that the switch from rhesus monkey to African Green as well as testing protocols to detect SV40 prevented SV40 from contaminating oral polio vaccine after Statement of Bonnie Brock, Lederle, at Jan.

However, you will be presented with evidence today that suggests Attachment 6: Oral polio vaccine and human cancer: Pediatric brain cancer, once rare, rose during the past few decades according to the National Cancer Institute.

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Sincethe US has discontinued use of the live oral polio vaccine and American children are now getting a killed polio vaccine that is reportedly SV40 free. So why is it important today to find out whether or not the oral vaccine used to eradicate polio was in fact contaminated with a cancer causing monkey virus, and that the vaccine manufacturer knew it, and that government health agencies looked the other way?

It is important because if it is true, then a precedent has been set. And that precedent may well be affecting decisions being made by government health agencies today about what kinds of animal tissue cultures vaccine manufacturers will be allowed to use to make new vaccines and what kinds of tests will be required to insure that the vaccines do not contain animal viruses or other contaminants.

Drugs and vaccines are very different. Drugs are used to cure sick people while vaccines are required by law in this country to be given to healthy people, primarily children. The standards for proof of safety and efficacy of vaccines should be higher than for any other pharmaceutical product we use.

My service on that committee gave me a new appreciation for the dedicated work of a number of fine scientists employed by the FDA, who take their regulatory duties very seriously and are working hard to regulate the vaccine industry with very limited resources and limited support within and outside of government.

However, there are legitimate concerns which I and others have voiced in the past and continue to have about whether government standards for requiring vaccine manufacturers to prove the safety and efficacy of vaccines are high enough and whether the tests used by the manufacturers and the government to insure the safety of vaccines are good enough.

National investigative news reports, including Wechsler P. The Lonely Crusade of Walter Kyle.

Development of the polio vaccine

Boston Magazine; Bookchin D. The Virus and the Vaccine.

WHO | Poliomyelitis

I urge this Committee and other congressional committees to carefully review the transcripts of meetings of the FDA Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee, specifically those which were held in ; ; and dealt with adventitious agent contamination of vaccines.

Vaccine manufacturers are asking the FDA for permission to use cells from human and animal cancer tumors — that is cancer cells — to make HIV and other viral vaccines in the future that would be used on a mass basis by the American population.The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with five core partners - the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The Sabin oral vaccine is given in 3 doses in the first two years of life, and a booster is given when the child starts school. Further boosters are not given unless the patient is exposed to polio or will be traveling to an endemic region.

Development of the polio vaccine Dr John Enders and his colleagues ANCHOR in the s showed that polio virus could be grown in human tissue, and this breakthrough was .

Polio: Polio, acute viral infectious disease of the nervous system that has no known cure but can be prevented by a vaccine. Poliomyelitis is an acute communicable disease of humans caused by a human enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family.

The virus is composed of a single-stranded, . UNICEF and partners support immunization programmes in over countries to help realize children’s right to survival and good health.

Activities include engaging communities to create vaccine demand, procuring and distributing vaccines and keeping vaccines safe through cold chain logistics.

Vaccine Development, Testing, and Regulation | History of Vaccines