A Scientific Approach in its October issue. This article describes how to represent light-emitting diode colors for solid-state lighting SSL applications in lighting design programs.
Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the Modern Language Association MLA. For more information on the MLA format, see http: Basics Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, Works Cited.
Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system ignore spaces and other punctuation. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The.
For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July. Use either the day-month-year style 22 July or the month-day-year style July 22, and be consistent. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications.
But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Our examples use italics. Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation The MLA guidelines specify using title case capitalization - capitalize the first words, the last words, and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms.
Use lowercase abbreviations to identify the parts of a work e. Whenever possible, use the appropriate abbreviated forms for the publisher's name Random instead of Random House. Separate author, title, and publication information with a period followed by one space.
Use a colon and a space to separate a title from a subtitle. Include other kinds of punctuation only if it is part of the title.
Use quotation marks to indicate the titles of short works appearing within larger works e. Also use quotation marks for titles of unpublished works and songs. Format Examples Books Format: Author's last name, first name. Publishing company, publication date.
Vanishing Wildlife of North America. National Geographic Society, A History of the Heroes of the Imagination. Searles, Baird, and Martin Last. A Reader's Guide to Science Fiction. Facts on File, Inc. If the dictionary or encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, you may omit volume and page numbers.
Pettingill, Olin Sewall, Jr. Levinson, David, and Melvin M. Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology.How to Write a Bibliography. When you write a paper or a book, it's important to include a bibliography.
A bibliography tells your reader what sources you've used. It lists all the books, articles, and other references you cited in or used. Include the author's name, the title of the article, the name of the journal, the series number/type of the journal (if given), the volume number (if given), the issue number (if given), the year of publication, the page numbers of the article, format.
Totalitarian definition, of or relating to a centralized government that does not tolerate parties of differing opinion and that exercises dictatorial control over many aspects of life.
See more. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. bibliography when writing an essay, article, or research paper that relies heavily on source material. A bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that have been used to compile data, typically in an article, essay, or research paper.
Citation Builder Tips. Click labels on the left side of the form. Tips will appear in this space, to help you determine what to type for each blank.