ICT corporations to join together with senior U. Download catalog 4. Importantly, USTTI courses in the areas of spectrum management, communications policy and regulation, cybersecurity, competition policy, satellite communications, broadband deployment and emergency communications have been maintained and expanded. The USTTI's tuition-free curriculum would not be possible without the dedication of leaders and subject matter experts from government, industry and academia in the United States.
Federal Source Code Policy: Government is committed to improving the way Federal agencies buy, build, and deliver information technology IT and software solutions to better support cost efficiency, mission effectiveness, and the consumer experience with Government programs.
These solutions include proprietary, open source, and mixed source 2 code and often do not require additional custom code development. When Federal agencies are unable to identify an existing Federal or commercial software solution that satisfies their specific needs, they may choose to develop a custom software solution on their own or pay for its development.
When agencies procure custom-developed source code, however, they do not necessarily make their new code source code or code broadly available for Federal Government-wide reuse.
Even when agencies are in a position to make their source code available on a Government-wide basis, they do not make such code available to other agencies in a consistent manner. In some cases, agencies may even have difficulty establishing that the software was produced in the performance of a Federal Government contract.
These challenges may result in duplicative acquisitions for substantially similar code and an inefficient use of taxpayer dollars. This policy seeks to address these challenges by ensuring that new custom-developed Federal source code be made broadly available for reuse across the Federal Government.
Making source code available as OSS can enable continual improvement of Federal custom-developed code projects as a result of a broader user community implementing the code for its own purposes and publishing improvements.
This collaborative atmosphere can make it easier to conduct software peer review and security testing, to reuse existing solutions, and to share technical knowledge.
A number of private sector companies have already shifted some of their software development projects to an OSS model, in which the source code of the software is made broadly available to the public for inspection, improvement, and reuse.
Several Federal agencies and component organizations have also begun publishing custom-developed code as OSS or without any restriction on use.
Some of these include: For example, both organizations contribute to the source code for the eRegulations platform, 11 a web-based interface for public viewing and commenting on proposed changes to Federal regulations.
The eRegulations platform, which originated at CFPB, is being used by other Federal agencies 12 and continues to be improved based on public feedback; 13 The Department of Education: This agency issued a memorandum 15 in that, among other things, describes the many benefits of OSS that should be considered when conducting market research on software for DOD use.
Government software development and make the Government more open, transparent, and accessible to the public. Office of the President, June 2, Office of the President, May 23, Vendor lock-in can potentially raise costs and stifle innovation and it can result in reduced competition on future related software acquisitions.
The 18F Open Source Policy is described at https: Digital Service—to provide a window into how people are interacting with the Federal Government online and made the source code available online https: The cities of Philadelphia, PA http:The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is one of the shortest laws to exist and is less than 6 pages in length.
NEPA was passed by Congress in , signed into law on January 1, by President Richard Nixon and set the stage for environmental policy for the United States (1). The science policy of the United States is the responsibility of many organizations throughout the federal ph-vs.com of the large-scale policy is made through the legislative budget process of enacting the yearly federal budget, although there are other legislative issues that directly involve science, such as energy policy, climate change, and stem cell research.
Ho Chi Minh, the enemy of the United States in the Vietnam War, was initially a friend. He worked with U.S. special forces in rescuing downed American airmen and providing intelligence on Japanese movements during the last year of World War II. United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S.
or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean.
Schwartz's "Housing Policy in the United States" is a wonderful resource, providing useful data and analysis on a broad range of housing issues. This was my textbook for a course on the intersection of urban housing policy and law - .
TPOL S Introduction to Globalization (5) I&S Provides an introduction to the debates over globalization. Focuses on the growth and intensification of global ties. Addresses the resulting inequalities and tensions, as well as the new opportunities for cultural and political exchange.