Click here for part two. Like nearly all of the peoples of North and South America, most Americans are not originally from the territory that became the United States. They are a diverse collection of peoples primarily from a dozen different Western European states, mixed in with smaller groups from a hundred more.
Print In the s, it became evident to Hartshorne that there was little agreement among geographers about the central theme of their discipline. With strong encouragement from Derwent Whittlesey, Hartshorne launched into a major effort to articulate clearly the central theme and general nature of geography.
In this publication, Hartshorne focused on two major themes.
The first involved the debate in which European geographers of the s attempted to decide whether geography should be primarily systematic or regional.
Along with this, his second goal was to integrate the German and American traditions of the discipline. By the end of the nineteenth century, geography was well established in Germany as an academic discipline. Conversely, in the United States, it was only beginning to gain an identity of its own.
Hartshorne, who was able to speak German fluently, found in German geography especially in the works of Hettner the foundation upon which he developed his interpretation of the essence of geography. Hettner, building on the concept of chorology, well articulated by Ferdinand von Richthofen, argued that the unifying theme of a discipline may be found in either its subject matter or in its method of study.
The unity of geography, Hettner believed, is in its focus on spatial relationships method. At the dawning of the twentieth century, many German geographers were convinced that geography had become too broad in scope and method.
They recognized the need for a clearly defined body of knowledge and a unique approach to understanding and explaining the world. Hettner believed that rather than many, there is only one science and one body of knowledge, and that the boundaries that separate academic disciplines are artificial.
Nevertheless, he also believed that some discipline boundaries are necessary for effective management of scholarly pursuits. In keeping with this idea, Hartshorne published the following in Furthermore, he insisted that geography is not simply a physical science in which human activity is of interest only as the natural world influences it.
Instead, he argued that the influence of people on the landscape and the impacts of the natural environment on human activities were of equal significance and were equally useful in explaining the nature of a place, region, or geographic feature.Find facts, photos, information and history, travel videos, flags, and maps of countries and cities of the world from National Geographic.
Crime Analysis and the Profession T practices and highlights how they have influenced crime analysis in the United States.
Definition of Crime Analysis tion related to the nature of incidents, offenders, and . Number of Deaths and Percentage of Disability-Adjusted Life-Years Related to the 17 Leading Risk Factors in the United States, With strong encouragement from Derwent Whittlesey, Hartshorne launched into a major effort to articulate clearly the central theme and general nature of geography.
After several years, the Association of American Geographers published in , The Nature of Geography. In this publication, Hartshorne focused on two major themes.
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