Acknowledging the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Paris 3 Septemberthis month's Feature focuses on black contributions to the American Revolution. Photo Essay African Americans in the Revolutionary War By one-fifth of the population of the thirteen colonies was of African ancestry, and almost 95 percent of the African descendants were slaves. Beginning with the Boston Massacre in and lasting for the duration of the war, African Americans played a major role in the American struggle for independence.
It had a large, American revolutionary war essay land army, and the Royal Navy was unmatched on the sea. On the other hand, the Americans had only a collection of undisciplined militiamen who had never fought before. The American navy was small and no match for the thousand ships in the royal fleet.
American Strengths Nonetheless, the Americans believed that they did have a strong chance of success.
They had a lot at stake: Perhaps most important, they were also fighting a popular war—a majority of the colonists were patriots who strongly supported the fight for independence.
Finally, though most Americans had no previous military experience, their militia units were usually close-knit bands of men, often neighbors, who served together in defense of their own homes. They elected their own officers—usually men who did have some military training but who also knew the territory well.
This native officer corps was a great source of strength, and as a result, American morale was generally higher than morale in the Royal Army. To the British forces, the North American terrain was unusually rugged: New England was rocky and cold in winter, the South was boggy and humid in the summer, and the western frontier was almost impenetrable because of muddy roads and thick forests.
In addition, because American settlements were spread out across a vast range of territory, the British had difficulty mounting a concentrated fight and transporting men and supplies.
American troops, on the other hand, were used to the terrain and had little trouble.
Finally, the distance between England and the United States put a great strain on Britain, which spent a great deal of time, energy, and money ferrying soldiers and munitions back and forth across the Atlantic.
The Battle of Saratoga After numerous battles, the turning point in the war came in at the Battle of Saratoga in upstate New York. When American forces won, their victory encouraged France to pledge its support for the United States in the Franco-American Alliance of A year later, Spain followed suit and also entered the war against Britain.
Spain, hoping to see Britain driven out of North America, had tacitly supported the Americans by providing them with munitions and supplies since the beginning of the war. Their entry as combatants took pressure off the Americans, as Britain was forced to divert troops to fight the Spanish elsewhere.
Finally, the Netherlands entered the war against Britain in Continuing Popular Support Though the war went on for several years, American popular support for it, especially after France and Spain entered the fray, remained high.
The motivation for rebellion remained strong at all levels of society, not merely among American military and political leaders. Many historians believe that it was this lasting popular support that ultimately enabled the United States to fight as long as it did.
French and Spanish assistance certainly helped the Americans, but without the grassroots support of average Americans, the rebellion would have quickly collapsed. In Parliament, many Whigs a group of British politicians representing the interests of religious dissenters, industrialists, and others who sought reform denounced the war as unjust.American Revolution Essays, Timelines & Images Select essays, timelines and images from the list of colonial America and American Revolution-related topics below.
Siege of Yorktown Timeline – Get a blow by blow account of the final decisive American victory of the Revolutionary War. Claim: An essay outlines the fates of the signers of the Declaration of ph-vs.come. American Jewish history commenced in with the expulsion of Jews from Spain.
This action set off a period of intense Jewish migration. Seeking to escape the clutches of the Holy Inquisition, some Jews in the sixteenth century sought refuge in the young Calvinist republic of The Netherlands.
Mexican-American War, also called Mexican War, Spanish Guerra de or Guerra de Estados Unidos a Mexico (“War of the United States Against Mexico”), war between the United States and Mexico (April –February ) stemming from the United States’ annexation of Texas in and from a dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River (Mexican claim) or the Rio Grande (U.S.
Photo Essay. African Americans in the Revolutionary War. By one-fifth of the population of the thirteen colonies was of African ancestry, and almost 95 percent of the African descendants were slaves. General Henry Lee (), a.k.a.
"Light-Horse" Harry for his swiftness and daring tactics, was a brilliant cavalry leader, close friend of George Washington, governor of Virginia, congressman, orator, and vigorous patriot.