This week in our series, we tell the story of a clash of cultures and beliefs. We look at the early history of relations between European settlers in North America and the native groups that had lived there for thousands of years before their arrival. The settlers arrived on the east coast of North America. Along the east coast there were many different Indian tribes.
Its focus gives particular emphasis to the mixture of races and cultures throughout the history of the county. At one site along the Swan Creek, an archaeological investigation in unearthed a number of artifacts from a phase of the Woodland Period of Native American habitation estimated BC.
By this time, Native Americans began occupying the area for longer durations. Animals and plants consumed included turkey, fish, deer, beaver, turtle, walnuts, hazelnuts, grapes, and raspberries. Archaeologists uncovered remains of rectangular living quarters, clusters of storage pits, and rows of fire hearths dating from this period.
Fiber-tempered stamped pottery shards found near Swan Creek dating from BC are some of the oldest examples of pre-Columbian pottery discovered in Tennessee. By the time Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto investigated the lands of present-day Tennessee inNative Americans known as the Chickasaw claimed hunting rights to West and portions of Middle Tennessee, including present-day Lewis County.
Until the late s, the Chickasaw avoided alliances with the competing early colonial powers of Great Britain, France, and Spain, thus contact with Europeans was minimal compared with that experienced by eastern tribes.
But as Anglos moved farther west and established outposts such as Fort Nashborough present-day Nashville that intruded on their hunting lands, the Chickasaw began to fear American expansion and most sided with Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.
Military pressure enforced by General Andrew Jackson gave the Chickasaw little choice but to relinquish the land that encompasses present-day Lewis County byand the loss of their claims to West Tennessee soon followed. Bymost full-blooded Chickasaw had crossed the Mississippi River and settled in Oklahoma.
American Settlement To encourage western expansion, the newly created United States government compensated Revolutionary War soldiers with titles to land in the western territories for service rendered during the war.
One such land grant was possibly issued to Revolutionary War soldier Ambrose Blackburn who settled near Swan Creek and established one of the earliest farms in the county. His log farmhouse, constructed between andstill survives. Natchez Trace The Natchez Trace ran through the area and was the primary transportation route from the port of Natchez on the Mississippi River to Nashville.
Many people of mixed Native and Anglo descent owned and operated stands for food and lodging along the Trace. The Chickasaw entered into treaties allowing the federal government to construct a wagon road on the trace; however, they retained the right to operate inns for travelers.
This mixture of lodgers and locals produced an area where people of all classes and ethnicities intermingled, and the Trace received its share of colorful characters. Thieves and murderers preyed on unsuspecting travelers on the road and while a very real danger, stories of notorious outlaws such as Joseph Thompson Hare who claimed to be a mystic and to killing hundreds of innocent travelers became a part of the early American imagination.
The Trace declined as an important route by the late s when steamboats made river transportation more efficient. Early Industry While the land was not well suited for agricultural production, it was rich in mineral deposits.
An important industry in early Middle Tennessee, iron production brought investors to present-day Lewis County and encouraged growth. However, the work was hard and dirty and many times iron works used African American slaves for labor rather than employ whites.The Two Cultures is the first part of an influential Rede Lecture by British scientist and novelist C.
P. Snow.   Its thesis was that "the intellectual life of the whole of western society" was split into the titular two cultures – namely the sciences and the humanities – and that this was a major hindrance to solving the world's Genre: Science.
MLQ ph-vs.com 11/13/00 PM Page Lewis Love and Politics in Snooty Baronet I begin with a look at how Lewis combines bullfighting in his novel with elements of his s polemics. Hohenwald Main Street c. The Smith family was Society possesses an early twentieth century Hohenwald brass band uniform that represents the merger of these two cultures.
Mining. Gordonsburg Executive Club House. PROGRESS OF THE 20TH CENTURY World War I. A poetic comparison of C. Lewiss Walking Away and R. Hobans Summer Recorded C.D. Lewiss Walking Away and Russell Hobans Summer Recorded are two poems about joyful memories now lost in the sands of time.
THE REDE LECTURE, THE TWO CULTURES It is about three years since I made a sketch in print of a problem which had been on my mind for some time. 1 It was a problem I could not avoid just because of the circumstances of my life.
I think it must have been at St. John's, or . Sinclair Lewis defines universal similarity in Main Street through Carol's observation as "the physical expression of the philosophy of dull safety.
Nine-tenths of the American towns are so alike that it is the completest boredom to wander from one to another." (p. ) This revea.