A biography of peter the great russian czar

He was the grandson of Tsar Michael Romanov and was made Tsar when he was only ten years old. His early life was incredibly privileged and he was educated by several notable intellectuals. In adulthood, Peter I was known for being very tall.

A biography of peter the great russian czar

Title The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following: Life Early years Named after the apostleand described as a newborn as "with good health, his mother 's black, vaguely Tatar eyes, and a tuft of auburn hair", [3] from an early age Peter's education commissioned by his father, Tsar Alexis of Russia was put in the hands of several tutors, most notably Nikita ZotovPatrick Gordonand Paul Menesius.

Throughout this period, the government was largely run by Artamon Matveevan enlightened friend of Alexis, the political head of the Naryshkin family and one of Peter's greatest childhood benefactors. This position changed when Feodor died in As Feodor did not leave any children, a dispute arose between the Miloslavsky family Maria Miloslavskaya was the first wife of Alexis I and Naryshkin family Natalya Naryshkina was the second wife over who should inherit the throne.

Peter's other half-brother, Ivan V of Russiawas next in line for the throne, but he was chronically ill and of infirm mind. Consequently, the Boyar Duma a council of Russian nobles chose the year-old Peter to become Tsar with his mother as regent.

Peter the Great as a child This arrangement was brought before the people of Moscow, as ancient tradition demanded, and was ratified.

Sophia Alekseyevnaone of Alexis' daughters from his first marriage, led a rebellion of the Streltsy Russia's elite military corps in April—May In the subsequent conflict some of Peter's relatives and friends were murdered, including Matveev, and Peter witnessed some of these acts of political violence.

Sophia acted as regent during the minority of the sovereigns and exercised all power. For seven years, she ruled as an autocrat. A large hole was cut in the back of the dual-seated throne used by Ivan and Peter. Sophia would sit behind the throne and listen as Peter conversed with nobles, while feeding him information and giving him responses to questions and problems.

This throne can be seen in the Kremlin Armoury in Moscow. Peter was not particularly concerned that others ruled in his name. He engaged in such pastimes as shipbuilding and sailing, as well as mock battles with his toy army.

Peter's mother sought to force him to adopt a more conventional approach and arranged his marriage to Eudoxia Lopukhina in By the summer ofPeter, then age 17, planned to take power from his half-sister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by two unsuccessful Crimean campaigns against the Crimean Khanate in an attempt to stop devastating Crimean Tatar raids into Russia's southern lands.

When she learned of his designs, Sophia conspired with the leaders of the Streltsy, who continually aroused disorder and dissent. Peter, warned by the Streltsy, escaped in the middle of the night to the impenetrable monastery of Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra ; there he slowly gathered adherents who perceived he would win the power struggle.

Sophia was eventually overthrown, with Peter I and Ivan V continuing to act as co-tsars. Foy de la Neuville records that Sophia requested influential members of Peter's family, notably her aunts Tatyana and Annato mediate with him.

Still, Peter could not acquire actual control over Russian affairs. Power was instead exercised by his mother, Natalya Naryshkina.

A biography of peter the great russian czar

It was only when Natalya died in that Peter, now age 22, became an independent sovereign. Peter became the sole ruler when Ivan died in Peter was 24 years old. Peter grew to be extremely tall as an adult, especially for the time period.

A biography of peter the great russian czar

Both his hands and feet were small, [8] [ citation needed ] and his shoulders were narrow for his height; likewise, his head was small for his tall body. Added to this were Peter's noticeable facial tics, and he may have suffered from petit mala form of epilepsy.

He faced much opposition to these policies at home but brutally suppressed rebellions against his authority, including by the StreltsyBashkirsAstrakhanand the greatest civil uprising of his reign, the Bulavin Rebellion. Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by introducing French and western dress to his court and requiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles.

His only outlet at the time was the White Sea at Arkhangelsk. Peter attempted to acquire control of the Black Sea, which would require expelling the Tatars from the surrounding areas.

As part of an agreement with Poland that ceded Kiev to Russia, Peter was forced to wage war against the Crimean Khan and against the Khan's overlord, the Ottoman Sultan. Peter's primary objective became the capture of the Ottoman fortress of Azovnear the Don River.

In the summer of Peter organized the Azov campaigns to take the fortress, but his attempts ended in failure.Marjorie Merriweather Post was born in Springfield, Illinois on March 15, She was the only child of Ella Letitia Merriweather and Charles William ("C.

Biography of Peter the Great of Russia

W.") Post. C. W. Post was born on October 26, , in Springfield, Illinois. A & E's Biography: Most Influential People of the Millennium --Musicians on the list are marked by an asterisk 81 Nelson Mandela (imprisoned leader against Apartheid) 82 Niels Bohr (atom) 83 Peter the Great (Russian Czar) 84 Marconi (radio) 85 Ronald Reagan (40th US President) 86 James Joyce (author) 87 Carson (environment.

Watch video · Peter the Great was born Pyotr Alekseyevich on June 9, in Moscow, Russia. Peter the Great was the 14th child of Czar Alexis by his second wife, Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina.

External events

Nicholas II: Nicholas II, the last Russian emperor (–), who, with his wife, Alexandra, and their children, was killed by the Bolsheviks. The Romanov family was the last imperial dynasty to rule Russia.

They first came to power in , and over the next three centuries, 18 Romanovs took the Russian throne, including Peter the Great. Title. The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following: By the grace of God, the most excellent and great sovereign prince Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow, of Kiev, of Vladimir, of Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia, sovereign of Pskov, great prince of Smolensk, Tversk, Yugorsk, Permsky, .

Nicholas II | Biography, Death, & Facts | ph-vs.com